Yellowknife Catholic Schools
Ecole St. Patrick School

Science

The science courses at Ecole Saint Patrick High School are designed to help students attain the knowledge, skills and attitudes essential for all citizens in a scientifically literate society. Students have opportunities to explore, analyze and appreciate the interrelationships amongst science, technology, society and the environment, and develop understandings that will benefit their personal lives, their careers and their futures.

Science 9 - This course is taken by all students entering Grade 9. The program is designed to help students understand the nature and role of science, as well as develop a solid grounding in science knowledge, skills and attitudes. Science 9 consists of five units of study including Biodiversity, Matter and Chemical Change, Environmental Chemistry, Electrical Principles and Technology and Space Exploration. Student performance in Science 9 may affect Science options in Grade 10.

For graduation, students are required to obtain 5 credits in a science course at the grade 10 level and 5 credits in a science course at the grade 11 level. Students entering Science 10 are expected to move either into Biology 20, Chemistry 20, or Physics 20 to obtain their grade 11 science credits. It is highly recommended that students who complete Science 9 with a mark lower than 65% move into the Experiential Science stream. This will still allow them to fulfill their science graduation requirements.

Science 10 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Science 10 is the successful completion of Science 9. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a 65% or higher in Science 9. Science 10 is an integrated academic course designed to help students understand and apply concepts and skills common to biology, chemistry, physics and the environmental sciences. Strong math skills are expected and there are many opportunities for activities, research and lab work. Science 10 should enable students to make wise choices for the completion of a science program in high school.

Experiential Science 10 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Science 10 is the successful completion of Science 9. This course is recommended for students who achieved less than 65% in Science 9. Experiential Science 10 was developed for the NWT and uses real world examples from the Canadian North, including examples from Aboriginal and other cultures, to explore everyday applications of science. The focus of this course is on Terrestrial Systems (the land) and allows students to develop field and science laboratory skills. There are four units of study including Terrestrial Ecology, Geology, Climatology and Resource Management.

Biology 20 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Biology 20 is the successful completion of Science 10. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a grade of 60% or higher in Science 10. Biology is the study of living systems. Students will study the process of exchange of matter and energy in the biosphere, ecosystems and population change, photosynthesis and cellular respiration and human systems (digestion, circulation, respiration and excretion).

Chemistry 20 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Chemistry 20 is the successful completion of Science 10. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a grade of 60% or higher in Science 10. Chemistry is the study of matter and its changes. In Chemistry 20 the different states of matter are investigated and the types of attractive forces between particles are discussed. Solutions, including acids and bases are investigated. Chemical reactions are studied and calculations involving chemicals are stressed.

Physics 20 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Physics 20 is the successful completion of Science 10. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a grade of 60% or higher in Science 10. This course builds on the concepts introduced in Science 10. A more in-depth analysis of the physics that governs our world is explored. The units of study include Kinematics, Dynamics, Circular Motion, Work and Energy, Oscillatory Motion and Mechanical Waves. Strong math skills are required.

Experiential Science 20 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Experiential Science 20 is the successful completion of Science 10 or Experiential Science 10. Experiential Science 20 was recently developed for the NWT using examples from the Canadian North. The focus is on Marine Ecosystems and includes units on Oceanography, Ocean Ecology, Maritime Energy Resources and Human Impacts and Governance.

Biology 30 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Biology 30 is the successful completion of Biology 20. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a grade of 60% or higher in Biology 20. Biology 30 continues to explore the interactions of living systems with one another and their environment. The four units of study include the Nervous and Endocrine Systems, Reproduction and Development, Cell Division, Genetics and Molecular Biology and Population and Community Dynamics. A Diploma Exam is written upon completion of the classroom portion of this course and is worth 50% of the final mark.

Chemistry 30 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Chemistry 30 is the successful completion of Chemistry 20. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a grade of 60% or higher in Chemistry 20. Chemistry 30 continues to study matter and its changes. Students will come to recognize the chemical principles that underlie natural events and further their awareness of the impacts of chemistry on their lives. The units of study include Thermochemical Changes, Electrochemical Changes, Chemical Changes of Organic Compounds and Acid/Base Equilibrium. A Diploma Exam is written upon completion of the classroom portion of this course and is worth 50% of the final mark.

Physics 30 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Physics 30 is the successful completion of Physics 20. Our recommendation for success is having achieved a grade of 60% or higher in Physics 20. The diversity of matter and energy are the predominant themes of Physics 30. The course consists of units that cover conservation laws, electric forces and fields, magnetic forces and fields, and the nature of the impact of physics and technology on society. Strong math skills are required. A Diploma Exam is written upon completion of the classroom portion of this course and is worth 50% of the final mark.

Experiential Science 30 - This course is a 5 credit course. The prerequisite for Experiential Science 30 is the successful completion of Experiential Science 20. Experiential Science 30 is a new curriculum developed for the Northwest Territories. The focus of the course is on Freshwater Aquatic Ecosystems and once again emphasizes practical field and laboratory activities. The units of study include an Introduction to Limnology, Freshwater Ecology and Freshwater Resource Management.

Marine Biology - This course is a 3 credit course. The prerequisite for Marine Biology is the successful completion of Science 9. Marine Biology is a multi-disciplinary subject examining the biotic and abiotic factors that make up marine environments. This course is a prerequisite to participation in the SCUBA Club. It is offered every two years and will be available again in 2011 – 2012.

If you have any further questions about the Science department, please contact Myles Radchenko who is the Head of our Science Department.